Who has one hump and who has two, it seems trivial to remember difference between camel and dromedary but then you end up forgetting and confusing them. They are two animals that are both nice and interesting and by getting to know them better you can discover that they have many characteristics that make them unique and different from each other. It's not just a matter of single hump or hump!
Difference between camel and dromedary: origin
Camels and dromedaries they are not strictly neighbors. If we see an animal that could be one of the two, in a specific place, we should already have a clue as to its identity. In fact, it is not true that where camels live, dromedaries also live, to schematize we can say that camels come fromCentral Asia, while the dromedaries come from Arabian peninsula. Having such diverse origins, these animals have also developed different characteristics, not only from a physical point of view.
Difference between camel and dromedary: climate
Living on the Arabian Peninsula, dromedaries manage to better tolerate high temperatures than camels, this can be experienced especially in periods when the climate offers temperatures that can reach and exceed 50 degrees. On the other hand, the camels, originally from Central Asia, have developed a particular resistance to the cold and do not suffer the long periods with low temperatures that can characterize the climate of areas such as the Gobi desert, where in cold seasons the temperatures can drop down to -40 degrees.
Thanks to the different reactions to weather conditions, the dromedary and the camel have also spread to areas other than their areas of origin, some in cold areas, some in warm areas.
Dromedaries for example can also be found in Australia where they were introduced by man in the nineteenth century because they have no problem withstanding arid climates and making physical efforts without being affected. Once they were used for transport but today no longer fortunately. The specimens that were found in this land have gone wild and today we find it in the wild.
Camels in turn have spread elsewhere, especially in the steppes bordering Mongolia and China where they live in the wild. Over the years these "emigrated" camels they have developed peculiar characteristics and have become almost a distinct species.
Difference between camel and dromedary: humps
Let's go back to the question of the humps which in fact is what they teach us as children and which remains in our minds forever. Once and for all we try to remember - I still get confused, if taken aback - that I am the dromedaries those that have only one hump, while the camels have two. What does not change is the meaning of the hump and the characteristics. For both the camel and the dromedary, the hump consists of a kind of deposit of tissue of fat content contrary to what many popular beliefs invite us to believe, which is that it is a protuberance full of water to survive the drought.
Let's see specifically how each of these animals uses the hump. The camel, which has two, uses them as a reserve of energy and also to protect themselves from the cold while the dromedary uses it as a store of energy and reserve water before embarking on a long journey in the desert. It can store you up to 36 pounds of fat.
There is also a lot of water in the humps and it is precisely for this reason that both camels and dromedaries can get up to 40% dehydrated. In these situations they can be seen humps that shrink and become flexible, but when the animal gets refreshed, they return to their original position.
Difference between camel and dromedary: hair and body
The difference in the fur of these two animals is not immediately perceived because it is not in the color, similar for both, but in the consistency and length.
Both dromedary and camel can have a fur of different shades of beige that change and tend to black or white depending on the case. There is no rule, the colors also change between camel and camel. Instead, let's take a look at the length: the camel has longer hair than the dromedary because it must protect from the cold, the first, and the second must withstand the heat.
As for the structure of the entire body, however, we can see some differences that are not minimal. The dromedary even reaches two meters in height so it is tall and has very long legs that allow it not to absorb too much heat from the ground. The camel does not overtake the meter and a half in height but it is heavier and less resistant when it comes to taking long walks or not eating for days.
Difference between camel and dromedary: character
The more peaceful of the two is undoubtedly the camel that stands on its own and does not get nervous at all, which instead often does the dromedary from which we can also expect some aggressive reactions, especially if he feels endangered or invaded in his privacy.
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