THEMES

The eagle owl: incredible bird of prey

The eagle owl: incredible bird of prey


The eagle owl (bubo bubo) is the largest living owl species. Let's talk immediately about the dimensions and the differences betweenfemale owl and male owl. Females are significantly larger than males. The size of the eagle owlmay vary according to the habitat and geographical area of ​​origin.

Males from Norway reach an average body length of 61 cm and weigh between 1.8 and 2.8 kg. Norwegian females have an average length of 67 cm and weigh between 2.3 and 4.2 kg. On average, ireal owls living in east-central Germany weigh 1890 g (males) or 2550 g (females).

The female of "European eagle owl"The heaviest in central Europe, weighs around 3.2 kg. The difference in size between males and females is also evident in the wingspan. The length of the males is on average 157 cm, that of the females 168 cm. Some particularly large specimens reach a wingspan of 188 cm!

How long he lives

It can live over 20 years. The eagle owl pronounces a "bouhou" or "ouhouhouuuuuhouhouhouhou" (hence its Latin name,Bubo Bubo ) audible from afar, in Europe some subspecies have been identified that can be identified in reverse.

European eagle owl

Why do we talk aboutEuropean eagle owl? Why iOwlsthey live in a very large area and in different habitats have developed clear differences. According to several authors, it can be counted up to twentysubspecies of owlaccording to the color of the plumage and thesize.

THEReal owls in Europewere studied, in particular thetowardsand also the genetic characteristics. The data on the subspecies of owls are only partial. The most in-depth studies are present in the old continent where the named subspecies has been identified European eagle owl. In Asia no observations have been made on the local colonies ofreal owls.

African eagle owl

TheEuropean eagle owlis the speciesBubo bubo. Not to be confused with theAfrican eagle owl. In this case we no longer speak of "subspecies" but of a species in itself. With the common name ofAfrican eagle owlthe species is identifiedBufo agricanus, significantly smaller than thecommon eagle owl.The African eagle owl reaches a height of 45 cm and a wingspan ranging from 100 to 140 cm. The weight fluctuates between 480 and 850 grams. To avoid any misunderstanding, the images on this page are representative of the Bubo bubo species, therefore of thecommon eagle owl.

What eats the eagle owl

Theeagle owlhas a very varied diet! It feeds on anything that moves and can hunt. From cockroaches to… little deer!

The eagle owl's diet focuses on small mammals such as moles, rats, hares, rabbits, mice, other voles ... but also foxes! It can hunt other birds or even feed on snakes, lizards, anurans, fish, crabs… What birds does it hunt? Partridges, pigeons, crows… it makes no distinction! It can also hunt seabirds, bats and other nocturnal birds of prey.

Being the eagle owl so versatile on its feeding, idomestic catsthey are very frightened by this animal until they have to hide in the territory they consider safe (the home garden!)

Reproduction of the eagle owl

Between the end of March and the beginning of April, theeagle owlbuilds his ownnestexploiting feathers and ... hairs torn from its prey. The female ofeagle owllays 2 to 4 eggs. The hatching lasts 32-37 days. While the female is brooding, the male gets food.

Once hatched, the chicks are protected by the mother for the first 45 days but only after the third month of life will they take off and leave the nest for good.

Eagle owl in Italy

The eagle owl is one of the migratory birds of Italy. Towards January, in the Alps you can admire theeagle owl (which comes to reproduce).

On the globe, it is widespread in Europe and Asia, starting from Spain to China. It is absent in thearctic tundrasand in the forests of Southeast Asia. In France, it lives in rocky areas all over the country.

It is a very discreet animal. In Europe it is very functional as it limits the spread of some species of birds considered “harmful” such as magpie or crow. Today theowl is a protected bird but until recently, it was considered the bearer ofbad luckso much so that he was hunted to be nailed to the walls of the granaries.

In many areas of Europe, theeagle owlit has disappeared due to environmental degradation. The causes of the threats are essentially two: the use ofagricultural pesticidesand poaching.

Eagle owl: price

The Eagle owlit is a species protected by law. It is forbidden to disturb it in any way, even just touching the nest or degrading its habitat. The transport and possession of this animal is also prohibited. Whether he is alive or dead, their sale and therefore purchase is prohibited.

This is the provisions of the Birds Directive of the European Union, however since 2006 and in particular by the decree of October 2009, these restrictions on the transfer, transport and sale of the Eagle Owl, apply only to wild owlsliving in the natural environment. THE real owls born and raised in captivity they can be soldto apricevariable. Before negotiating on the price it is important to check the conditions of sale. The sale of the eagle owl is possible provided it is a captive bred owl, identified and accompanied by a CIC (intra-community certificate for the application of the CITES in the European Union).


Video: Species Spotlight: Great Horned Owls (July 2021).