Instructions for growing artichokes in pots or in the vegetable garden. Practical tips for growing artichokes from abandoned crops.
Theartichokeis a plant of the Asteraceae family. It can be grown in the garden both for food purposes and to exploit its medicinal properties.
Theartichokeit is a perennial herbaceous plant, can grow up to 1.5 meters and is cultivated for its flowering. The ends of the leaves can be thorny as occurs in the Spinoso di Palermo and Spinoso Sardo artichoke varieties.
When to grow artichokes
With the arrival of winter, the vegetable garden becomes not very productive due to the low temperatures. However we can cultivate some late varieties of artichokes. Considering the time of harvest, the varieties of artichoke they are divided into two groups:
- early or autumnal
- late or spring.
Among the best known varieties of artichokes we find the Catanese, the Violet of Sicily, the Romanesco artichoke, the most valuable and the Spinoso Sardo. Some of this variety flower in autumn-winter (the early ones), others in spring (the late artichoke varieties).
According to the color of the flower heads, we speak of "violet varieties" or "purple artichokes" and "green artichokes" and green varieties.
Even if the cultivation of artichokes does not require special care, it should be emphasized that to ensure a good harvest it is necessary to preserve the plants from excessive cold and humidity - Those who live in Southern Italy facilitatedincultivation of artichokes. The reason? To flower and offer a good harvest, they need mild and dry seasons, free from temperature changes.
If you have doubts about the variety of artichokes to grow, at "this Amazon page"You can find a selection of" Roman artichoke "seeds, this variety is particularly resistant and offers an excellent yield.
But let's see in detail how to grow artichokes following some useful indications.
How to sow artichokes
Sowing the artichoke, in general, is an uncommon practice, even if the seeds are much cheaper than carducci or plants already developed, they take a long time to germinate and produce a mature plant.
Artichokes can be grown both starting from the seed (slower operation) and exploiting the multiplication by carducci. For thecultivation of the artichokestarting from sowingyou will need 150 - 180 days to go from sowing to planting the mature plant. For this reason we recommendsow the artichokes in pots, in a protected environment, starting from February, regardless of the variety chosen.
When it comes to artichokes, Italy is the world's largest producer. The areas where thecultivation of artichokeis more intense are: Sicily (Piana di Gela and Piana di Catania), Sardinia (Ittiri and Samatzai), Puglia and Campania (very famous is the artichoke of Paestum, in the province of Salerno).
For farmers who are wondering about the yield of cultivation on a large scale of artichoke we report this data: it is estimated that a typical yield of artichoke cultivation is around 100 quintals per hectare.
How to grow artichokes
In preparing the soil, fertilization with ammonium sulphate is recommended.
- Work the soil by applying mature manure.
Grow the artichoke in a sunny place and preferably exposed to the south. In areas with particularly hot summers, make sure they have a little shade.
- Plant sixth
Bury the artichokes at a distance of about 90 cm from each other in holes that are at least 30 cm wide and deep, taking care not to bury the collar of the plant: between one plant and another in the same row, 70-100 cm should be left.
Until the plants have become sufficiently robust, irrigate periodically and eliminate weeds.
At the time of planting, work the substrate in depth: the substrate must be of medium texture, drained and permeable
Fertilize the soil. The artichoke needs numerous nutritional elements, in particular nitrogen as this plant absorbs high quantities.
- Mulch with straw as protection from the cold and cover with non-woven fabric if necessary
Useful information: not needed sow the artichoke every year. THEartichokesthey are perennials, which means that for many years in a row they can offer excellent yields. The same plant can last up to 8 years.
If, on the other hand, you want to ensure greater production, you can renew it every 3-4 years. Do not underestimate the principle of intercropping: the artichoke lives well having nearby cabbage, lettuce, peas, beans and leeks, and it can also be planted after any vegetable, except after another artichoke.
For more info: how to plant artichokes
How to grow potted artichokes
Therepot cultivation of the artichokeIt's really difficult. Artichokes have rhizomatous roots but the difficulty lies in the fact that these plants are perennials. If grown in pots, the artichoke can hardly be treated as perennial plants.
Every year you should carry out careful fertilizations (one maintenance fertilization and one near flowering) and check the quality of the soil. At the time of planting, consider the size of the variety chosen to adopt a pot of the appropriate size.
Consider the choice of growing artichokes in large and deep boxes or planters. At the bottom of the pot, prepare a layer of expanded clay and then add medium-textured soil, rich in organic substance.
Artichoke extract: where to buy it
As stated, i artichokes Yes they can cultivate both for food purposes and to exploit its therapeutic properties.
If from yours cultivation of the artichoke, you will not be able to obtain the desired quantities, especially in particular periods of the year and if you want to supplement the stock of fresh artichokes purchased from your trusted greengrocer or supermarket, you can buy online theartichoke extract in tablets.
The ideal would obviously always be to eat fresh products but the extracts in tablets are a valid support of cynarin, the substance contained in the artichoke with multiple beneficial properties, even in the periods when you cannot cook or you cannot find fresh products, for example when you go on vacation, in places where you are led to take advantage of predefined menus or when hygienic conditions are advised against the intake of fresh fruit and vegetables.
I think for example of when I go on vacation to Egypt, where the menu of the hotels is always poor in fruit and vegetables. In these cases, having the tablets available is definitely useful for not depleting the diet of very important substances.
The online prices are, among other things, quite low in proportion to the number of hires that can be secured:a vial of 60 capsules costs only 14 Euros.
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