Gray partridge or partridge: breeding, characteristics of the Italian gray partridge, where to find it, reproduction and natural habitat.
If you are looking for synonyms or another name of thegray partridge, this is "partridge". I specify it because, in doing the crossword puzzle, the synonym or a definition such as "it is also called gray partridge ". This bird, in fact, is known by its namepartridgeorgray partridge.
Gray partridge or partridge
Its scientific name is Perdix perdix, is commonly known asgray partridgeorpartridge. For sharing different habitats and characteristic features, someone may confuse it with the red partridge or the Greek partridge. In the paragraph dedicated to the description, we will see thatrecognize a gray partridgeit's easy.
Based on its geographical distribution, 7 characteristic subspecies have been recognized.Where the gray partridge lives?
- Perdix perdix hispaniensis lives in the Pyrenees and in the northern part of the Iberian Peninsula. It shares part of its habitat with thered partridge.
- Perdix perdix sphagnetorum lives in the Netherlands and northwestern Germany.
- Perdix perdix lucida lives in Finland and Eastern Europe
- The Armorican Perdix perdix lives in Brittany, Normandy and central France
- Perdix p. canescens, lives in Turkey, the Caucasus, Iran and the Transcaucasian area.
- P. Perdix Perdix is the subspecies that we also find in our territory, from central Europe to the Balkans, the British Isles and Scandinavia.
- P.P. robust, it lives in northwestern Siberia up to the Ural river.
Hersupplyit is mainly based on seeds and berries, only marginally it feeds on insects (it is the juvenile forms that prefer insects for a correct protein supply, for example, during the first 10 days of life, the chicks ofpartridgethey only eat insects).
The speciesPerdix Perdix Italicais currently under review for its taxonomic validity. Of theItalic gray partridgethe taxonomic and evolutionary profile should still be defined. Despite these formal uncertainties, many authors have been talking about one for yearsItalic gray partridge, partridge italica or partridge italica, this subspecies, would have habitat and traits in common to the subspecies Perdix Perdix Perdix (the European one) but only with a smaller body. The average size of the European gray partridge is around 29 - 33 cm, while theItalic partridgeit does not exceed 28-30 cm and would have evolutionary profiles yet to be formally highlighted.
Gray partridge in Italy
As thered partridge, the gray partridge is also included in the red list: it is considered a vulnerable species and in the throes of a decline that began since 1970 due to the disappearance of its natural habitats.
Currently, in Italy, there are several wild populations ofGray partridge, historically, the gray partridge was widespread throughout the Peninsula but today clear fragmentations have been highlighted with low-density populations and conditions that threaten their survival.
Gray Partridge: where to find it
Where to find it in Italy? The gray partridge can be seen inside the Gran Sasso and Monti della Lega National Park. In these areas the presence of the subspecies known asItalian partridgeorPerdix Perdix Italica(Italic gray partridge). A population was observed within the Sibillini National Park.
Its natural habitat is given by steppe, uncultivated fields with low grass, freshly sown agricultural fields where it is easy to find food, cereal fields… These birds generally feed in the early morning or during sunset. At night they move to the groves where they hide among branches, bushes and foliage.
Gray partridge: breeding of partridge
As with the red partridge, the breeding of the partridge is carried out for three purposes:
- Repopulation of the territory
These attempts, in reality, jeopardize the survival of the remaining wild populations in nature due to genetic problems and ecological behavior of thereared gray partridgesindustrially.
- Hunting purpose
Gray partridges are released into game reserves.
- Food purpose
The gray partridge is appreciated for its meat.
Therepartridgeit can also be bred at an amateur level, using small aviaries or nets that allow the males to be kept separate from the females until the mating period (beginning of the year). The net must be tightly meshed, these birds, in fact, can be injured with large mesh metal nets.
It can be useful:guinea fowl, breeding
Gray partridge: reproduction
Unlike thered partridgeand other related species, thegray partridgeit is monogamous. The male and female unite in early spring and spend the rest of the year together. In February, partridge pairs have already formed. Therenestingtakes place between March and May with the subsequent laying of the eggs. Each female lays 12 to 16 yellowish coloe eggs.
The nest, in its natural habitat, is a kind ofbowlpredisposed in the ground and hidden under tall herbaceous plants, it can also nest at the foot of shrub plants and hedges. The young, from birth, are able to follow their parents and hunt for insects.