Cultivating Basella rubra and basella alba:informations aboutbasella plant orflat climbing area. Where to find the seeds and how to proceed with cultivation in the home garden, yield and harvest ofclimbing spinach.
Known asclimbing spinachorbasella, it is a very popular plant in the kitchen, especially in the varietiesbasella rubra and basella alba.
Climbing spinach or Basella: plant
It belongs to the Basellaceae family. Therebasellait is a plant of oriental origin, from the regions of Southeast Asia. In its areas of origin and in Southern Italy it is possiblecultivatelikeplantperennial, while in the Center-North, due to the colder temperatures, it is possiblecultivatelikeplantannual.
Therebasellait is a climbing plant that grows producing tender leaves, highly appreciated in the kitchen and which in appearance resemble those of spinach. It is for this similarity that the base has been awarded the name ofclimbing spinach.
Therebasellait's easy tocultivate in the garden and iseedsthey can be found in the most well-supplied agricultural consortia.
Basella rubra and basella alba
In the Basellaceae family there are several species, the most interesting from an agricultural point of view, for food purposes, are thebasella rubra and basella alba. Plants have common characteristics, such as: leaves, flowers, berries… Let's start with the leaves.
Both types have heart-shaped fleshy leaves, up to 15cm long and 8-10cm wide.
The basella flowers bloom between July and August, are pinkish-white and come together in bunches.
The fruits of basella develop from the flowers, which are blackish globose berries with a diameter of 8-9 mm. From the berries it is possible to extract the small round seeds, similar to pepper seeds.
We said it doesclimbing spinachhas common characteristics in both typebasella albathan in the typebasella rubra, but how does it differ? In the coloring of the leaves.
Therebasella albahas light green leaves and stems, hence the namealba derives from the Latin white, brilliant.
If the nameSunrisederives from the Latin white, the term rubra has the same origins and means "red". Therebasella rubra, in fact, it has green leaves but with small stemsred-violet. For this, the plant is often calledred climbing spinach.
Cultivate basella rubra and basella alba
As well as the characteristics of the plant, also the needs of thecultivationare analogous.How to grow climbing spinach?The basella is easy to grow and can give excellent ratios especially on fertile soils. It does not like humid soils that hold too much water.
Therecultivation of the basellastarts with tillage.
- Work the soil with a deep dig, moving the first 25 cm of earth. If the soil has fertility problems, dig in the well-mature compost, approximately 5 kg of compost for every 10 square meters of surface. If you prefer, you can also use slow-release granular fertilizer, following the manufacturer's doses.
When the ground is ready, you can proceed with thesowing of the basella.
When to sow the basella alba or rubra
The best period falls in spring, when the temperature is around 15 - 20 ° C.
How to sow basella alba or rubra
The seeds of climbing spinach should be buried individually or grouped in 2 - 3 (so as to make sure to carry on at least one plant in case of non-germination).
The distance to be kept between the plants is 30 - 40 cm, while between the rows there must be 40 - 45 cm.
At the time ofsowing of the basella alba or rubra, it will be necessary to support the sowing holes also with tutors, it is possible to use the classic rods, provided they are sturdy and at least 2 meters high. Therebasellait's aplantwhich develops very vertically, which is why it can give abundant crops even in the small home garden.
The soil should be kept moist with periodic irrigation: irrigated moderately every 15 days if the spring is rainy and dry.
To support the development ofclimbing spinach, when the plants reach a height of 20-30 cm, add some organic fertilizer such as droppings. Manure is a natural fertilizer, allowed in organic farming, it can be bought in all agricultural consortia or by taking advantage of online sales. For example, "at this Amazon address" a 25 kg bag of manure can be bought at a price of 18.50 euros with free shipping.
How to harvest climbing spinach
Of thebasellathe single leaves are used in the kitchen. The leaves ofclimbing spinach(baselle) are collected as they reach the size of 10 - 15 cm. In the south, where thecrops of basellathey are perennial or even in the center-north, when the plants have a very luxuriant vegetation, it is also possible to collect the stems and the florets, cutting off with a clean cut, tops of 15 cm in length.
The harvest period proceeds from June to November.
Tips for the garden: how to grow spinach