How to raise meal moths:a guide that will show you all the instructions onbreedingof themoths, the larvae ofTenebrio Molitorto be used for feeding birds, turtles and fish.
Themoths flour, commonly known asmoths (scientific nameTenbrio Molitor) are raised and sold dried, powdered or live as feed for certain animals such as reptiles, amphibians, birds and fish. I'm not just alive feedto be given to certain "pets" but are often used as bait for fishing.
The most experienced breeders, inraise moths, they administer certain substances that inhibit the life cycle, preventing the transformation of the larva into an adult. In this way, themoth larvait grows "unnaturally" more than 2 cm in length and exceeds 300 mg in weight.
If on the one hand there are those who intend raise moths, on the other hand, there are those who want to eliminate them. These insects, in fact, can annoyingly invade the cupboard, where we store bread, pasta and rice: the Tenbrio Molitor is a very common insect, its eggs are often introduced into the house with contaminated and badly stored foodstuffs.
Flour moths are considered an excellent fresh source of vitamins and proteins for carnivorous turtles, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish. They are used both as live and dried feed, usually live worms are given forurgethose apathetic animals with little appetite.
L'breeding of mealwormsallows you to always have a good amount oflive feedto give to birds, fish, turtles and other animals that feed on them.
How to breed flour moths
Forraise flour mothsyou need a few simple elements. Here's what it takes forbreed moths:
- Plastic container with lid
ice cream containers are fine as well as those that you buy at the supermarket for food. The size depends on your ambition, the bigger the tub, the moremothsyou canto breed.
- A pin or a cutter
- Of theworms in the larval stage
the “lucky ones” will find them by digging among the old boxes of pasta and cereals, forgotten in an old cupboard ... Alternatively, go to a fishing or aquarium shop.
- Foods to support the reproduction of larvae
flour moths feed on starch, you can use starchy foods, breadcrumbs, dry bread, mashed flakes, cereals of any kind ...
- A sieve
an old mosquito net is also fine, as long as it has very tight meshes.
Once you have these materials, you are ready to begin your very ownbreeding of moths.
How to breed worms, meal moths
With a utility knife, make small holes in the plastic container. You will have to "air" the room in order to avoid the formation of mold during yoursflour moth breeding.
As an alternative to the perforated lid, I recommend using the retina of an old mosquito net or pantyhose-like fabric.
At the bottom of the container arrange grasses, flours and cereals as a food substrate and then, on the surface, lay your worms.
The container must be deep enough to allow you to fill it halfway with food substrate (flour, cereals, breadcrumbs, crushed pasta…) and worm larvae.
On a weekly basis, administered atflour mothsliquid-rich foods like potatoes or carrots These foods must remain inside the box ofbreedingonly for 24 - 48 hours to prevent the environment from becoming too humid and mold developing.
Yoursflour moth breedingit must be kept dry, also to avoid the proliferation of other microorganisms. For this reason, once a month, sift the substrate, collect themealworm larvaeand renew the substrate. In practice, change "litter".
The life cycle offlour mothsit allows you a frequent generational change but it also requires you to pay attention. When thelarvaewill have reached their maximum development, will form the stage ofpupaand from there, within 10 - 15 days, the pupae will change into adults. The adult insect, glossy black, after a few days will be able to reproduce and lay eggs. The eggs, placed in the substrate, will hatch giving birth to new oneslarvaeready to use as feed.
Beware though! Adults must be separated from the larvae. The larvae could devour the eggs deposited by the adults in the substrate…. and actually they could devour the pupae too. As soon as the larvae form pupae, these should be moved to a second tray where they can become an adult insect, reproduce and lay eggs. The entire life cycle offlour moths - hatched, larva, pupa, adult, reproduction, spawning - lasts about 6 months but the times can be shortened by holding the tray in a warm place.
The tray should be placed in a dark place.