Croton, cultivation and careto dedicate to the plant, in the garden or at home. Fertilizer, irrigation, repotting and advice.
In the photo above on the left, a specimen ofCodiaeum variegatum, plant better known asCroton. In the same photo, but this time in the image on the right, a male inflorescence is shown that stands out among the variegated leaves. The leaves are not only orange, red and green, they can turn yellow as well. After this brief introduction, let's see better what we are talking about.
Croton, meaning in the language of flowers
Are you going to give this plant as a gift or was it given to you as a gift?
Know that in the language of flowers its meaning leaves no room for interpretation, the message is "you are capricious ".
Croton, a plant of the species codiaeum variegatum
Thecrotonit's aplantshrub much appreciated for thecultivationas a houseplant. It is native to Malaysia and the Pacific islands and belongs to the Euphorbiaceae family. The speciescodiaeum variegatumit is the only one of herskindcultivated asornamental plant.
Hercultivation likeornamental plantborn for the splendor of its glossy leaves, of different shapes and sizes. The colors of the leaves, depending on the variety, range from green to yellow, from pink to red, but also purple, orange and with spots of different shapes and colors.
How to grow croton at home
The speciesCodiaeum variegatumnot easy at allcultivate in the apartment…. but not even in the garden. It is, in fact, a plant that with our climate should be grown in a greenhouse. It needs a warm, humid environment and if kept in too dry an environment, the leaves tend to turn yellow, thin and fall.
Ideally, the temperature should never drop below 16 - 18 ° C. If this plant sheds all its leaves, it is probably due to too low a temperature and too low humidity levels.
Repotting of Codiaeum variegatum
If you have purchased one of these plants from Ikea or in any garden center, know that at the time ofrepottingyou cannot use the classic universal soil. This plant requires forest soil or leaves with mud. Even the fertilizations must be administered with wisdom. During the growth period (spring - summer) the fertilizations must be frequent.
Therepottingit is performed in spring.
Croton, cultivation and care
If you are trying togrow croton indoors, remember to turn the pot frequently, turning the plant on itself will allow a homogeneous development of the foliage that will keep its typical colors.
The plant must absolutely not be exposed to drafts. It is very sensitive to the wind and suffers a lot from low temperatures.
The soil must be kept moist, without causing water stagnation. As stated, the plant needs a high humidity rate. If grown in an air-conditioned room, it will be essential to spray water on the foliage.
For irrigation and vaporization, use distilled water at room temperature. You can also use the water from the conditioner.
Fertilize the croton
As stated, fertilization must be concentrated in the spring-summer period. There is no need to buy specific fertilizers, a fertilizer for green plants will suffice.
Beware, the plant can be poisonous!
Like many of the plants belonging to the Euphorbiaceae family, the speciesCodiaeum variegatumhas irritating substances.
The bark, leaves and roots of this plant are poisonous.
This plant can easily multiply by cuttings but a milky substance comes out of its branches which can be highly irritating to the skin. Beware, therefore, of pruning work or if you intend to cut away a wounded twig. In addition, the seeds are toxic and should not be swallowed at all (they can be fatal for children). The milky substance secreted by this plant, as well as any of its vegetable parts, should not be absolutely ingested because in adults it can cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. In people sensitive to its toxic active ingredient (phorbol, a diterpenoid ester) the consequences can be even more damaging.