How to grow coconut palm at home or in the garden. Useful information, care and advice tocultivation of theCocos nucifera, thecoconut plant. One ofbest known and loved variety of palm trees!
Therecoconut palm of the speciesCocos nucifera it's aplanttypical of the coasts of warm countries. It is believed that thecoconut plantmay be native to the Indonesian Archipelago and South America.
In hisnatural habitat, the coconut plant has a slender stem up to 40 meters long, with the characteristic tuft ofpalms, consisting of 20 - 30 leaves. The stem tends to thin as it grows upwards: at the base it reaches a diameter of 50 - 70 cm while at the apex it is thinner, about 25 - 35 cm.
In Italy, thecoconut palm cultivationit is possible both in the house and in the garden. Those who grow in the garden will also have to keep the coconut plant in pot, so as to move it to a sheltered position during the winter. This is true for everyone, except for those who live in those regions of Italy where even winters have a mild climate.
For the cultivation of Cocos nucifera in the apartment, ornamental varieties with an enchanting and elegant appearance have spread.
Grow the coconut palm indoors
In the apartment, thecoconut palmit is grown in small ornamental pots. Therecoconut palm in the houseit should be kept in bright and well-ventilated positions, where temperatures never drop below 18-20 ° C.
During the summer it is possible to transfer the plant outdoors, away from direct sunlight which would risk burning the foliage and compromising its beauty.
Watering must be constant at any time of the year, especially in summer, if the plant is kept outdoors, it must be watered every day. It is important to spray the foliage. In winter, spray only if the plant is in a dry environment and irrigate constantly but reducing wetting: you must avoid rotting of the walnut and roots.
For thecultivation in the apartmentit is better to choose onedwarf variety. Theredwarf coconut palmis longer-lived and more suitable forcultivation in pots. Among the dwarf varieties the most widespread is the one calledNino, but each nursery can provide you with the variety that best suits your needs.
If you are thinking of growing the plant from coconut ...
Cultivating theCocus nucifera in vase, is a demanding operation: in nature this plant reaches 40 meters in height and keeping it in pots becomes complicated and risky: the plant hardly survives for long and produces, at most, 5 - 6 leaves before dying.
Therecultivation of cocos nucifera in potsit is only possible for a few years. This plant, in fact, even if you don't choose a dwarf variety, has a very slow development. With the cultivation at home it will take several years to reach a height of 200 cm.
You can evaluate ofplant coconut palm in the gardenonly if in your locality the winters are mild enough and not only. For the first few years you should set up structures to shelter the palm from the cold which will then become more resilient when adult.
For cultivation, keep in mind that: it prefers humid soils, mixed with sand with a clay base.
Grow the coconut palm in the garden
Only those who live in Southern Italy can have any chance of making the coconut palm thrive in the garden and, perhaps, picking some fruit.
Therecoconut plantit is not the only onePalm treeto grow in the garden. Those who live in northern Italy and do not want to give uppalms, can point to thepalm of the canaries or the Chinese palm.
In southern Italy, beyond the coconut palmit's possiblecultivatesuccessfully also thedate palm. For all information, I refer you to the pageGrow palm trees in the garden, if you already know you have to deal with an Areca palm, click instead HERE