Our own species, like tens of millions of species, is a constituent part of biodiversity. And although there is a tendency to divide nature into this or that species of flora or fauna, it is essential to reverse this vision. A comprehensive conception of biological diversity and the terrestrial ecosystem must be sought in relation to the quality of life of those who inhabit it and the conditions to ensure and give continuity to the multiplicity of services it provides us.
Biological diversity comprises the various genes, species and ecosystems that make up the planet. At present, there is a constant loss of biodiversity that has important consequences on nature and the well-being of people. The main causes are changes in natural habitats, produced by intensive agricultural production systems; construction; the overexploitation of forests, oceans, rivers, lakes and soils; species invasions; pollution and climate change.
Biodiversity is the basis of life and the essential services provided by ecosystems. Therefore, it is the foundation of the sustainable development of the population in all economic sectors, such as agriculture, forestry, fishing, the pharmaceutical industry or tourism, among others. By halting the loss of biodiversity, we are investing in people, their lives and their well-being.
It is clear that without an approach that places the environment at the center of economic policies and decisions, it will be very difficult for Argentina to enter a path of sustainable development. It seems essential to give the environment the treatment of an asset or capital that yields benefits of different kinds to economic actors and society.
Without ecology there is no economy: 40% of the world economy depends on having healthy ecosystems. And it is also social welfare, since it depends on it to have medicines, food, textiles, among other benefits.
The rate of disappearance of species in the last century is a thousand times higher than the natural one, as a consequence of the increasing impact of human activities.
The destruction of habitats, the unsustainable extraction of natural resources, invasive species, global warming or pollution are some of the main threats to biodiversity.
Biodiversity conservation means thinking about all species, however insignificant, repulsive or harmful they may seem, since they all have a role in the natural balance.
Argentina as a member of this same spacecraft, planet Earth, where men create borders and nature is in charge of eliminating them, has not remained on the sidelines of the problem of extinction, which, although it did not reach catastrophic characteristics, worsens day by day. day. There is a lack of real public awareness of the issue on the part of all sectors so that a sharp turn of the wheel is really hit that takes us away from the danger of losing the most significant exponents of our native flora and fauna in the coming years.
The list of threatened species marks an alert: 529 animals and 240 plants. Those most sensitive to changes in their habitats, those with large territorial requirements, those of commercial value, and those with restricted distributions head the list. Many with small populations, inhabit deteriorated environments and are battered by endless threats.
The Argentine State must prepare an inventory of the country's genetic resources, creating the corresponding databases. Likewise, it must sanction a national law, accompanying the provisions of the Convention on Biological Diversity, that protects the genetic wealth of our country for its sustainable benefit and be able to establish effective control with the corresponding sanctions, in case of non-compliance with respect to its extraction. and use.
Undoubtedly, the future will judge this present and will remember it, among other things, for scientific and technological progress, but a great effort will be important to make it remember us for refusing to destroy life on Earth and with it, having done possible that future. It is necessary to protect the natural and cultural heritage and biodiversity of Argentines. Not only for those of us today, but for future generations
Cristián Frers - Senior Technician in Environmental Management and Senior Technician in Social Communication (Journalist).