There is a series of activities whose furious development in the countries of the so-called third world is seriously modifying issues such as biological diversity, geographical distribution, culture and even the climate of our regions.
The impact caused by the installation of any of these industries is so strong that each case, when trying to analyze it, seems to be emblematic and yet it is one more of the many that are taking place in our territories.
But also, doing a little research, we realize that most of these activities are rejected in their countries of origin. Such is the case of the pulp mills, where we find that the European Union has not allowed installation in its territory for a long time due to the high pollution they cause. Nor for the indiscriminate forest plantation that is needed as raw material.
Also the cultivation of transgenics, once promoted by international organizations as the solution to hunger in the world, is prohibited in almost the entire old continent, except for dishonorable exceptions such as the Spanish State.
And of course, in the "Top 5" is open pit mining. In full swing throughout the entire Andes Mountains, it is prohibited in most of the States that make up the most polluting country and the one that is least interested in preserving the world's environment, the United States.
All these activities have, in addition to causing the devastation of the ecosystem in which they are installed (deforestation, pollution, habitat destruction, loss of biodiversity, social disruption), something in common. They need to use - that is, pollute - millions of liters of water every day to function.
Only one company, Minera Alumbrera (located in Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina), in a semi-desert area, discharges 1,100 liters of water per second, almost four million liters per hour.
The production of pasta involves several problems at the same time. For pasta, you have to plant eucalyptus or pine trees, which is what is used the most. These crops are very demanding of water.
In productive areas of Uruguay, large-scale eucalyptus monocultures have dried up wells and wetlands, leaving plantations and rural people without water, forcing them to abandon the activity and then exodus.
Palms for soy, which is already so widespread in countries like Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina, that it has become almost impossible to quantify the water pollution caused by the millions of tons of daily agrochemicals that are used for its production.
They are using and polluting the water and not little by little, with all these industries that they install in our territories. And they are taking it with each shipment of cellulose pulp, gold, soybean or any of their products.
Water is the most precious asset we have, without a doubt. There's no life without water.
We should be fully aware of all that we are losing and that our leaders, by not taking action to preserve natural resources, are depriving us of our future. Demand them to preserve them is a duty and a right of each one of us
By Ricardo Natalichio