Periwinkle:plant, flower and cultivation. All information on Vinca major, Vinca minor and the most common varieties of periwinkle. From cultivation to flowers.
This flowering species is appreciated because, over time, it creates rich expanses offlowers. The nameperiwinkleevokes a flowering plant and, the periwinkle color, owes its proper name to the light purple of the petals of its flowers.
Thereperiwinkle plantit is easy to grow but must be planted respecting a certain space between the plants in order to obtain a beautiful expanse effect rich in “periwinkle” flowers.
PlantsVinca major and Vinca minorare the most common. They belong to the Apocynaceae family. I'm evergreen and perennial herbaceous plants. They are very rustic. That's why theperiwinkle plantit is so loved: it can adapt well to different types of terrain and also to different exposures.
This plant is so hardy and hardy that, if not contained, it could become invasive. If you want to make a vast expanse offlowers, perhaps under the canopy of a large tree or at the base of an orchard, theperiwinkleit's perfect.
Depending on the leaves there are different varieties. There periwinkle it has opposite leaves, very graceful and ornamental. The leaves are oval in shape, about 8 cm long. Vinca major leaves are slightly larger than Vinca minor leaves. The leaves are dark green. The spotted and variegated periwinkle varieties have more decorative leaves, with a color that fades towards light.
Therefloweringbegins in spring, hisflowersthey continue to thrive until late autumn. THEflowersthey are composed of 5 star petals. They are flat, develop on an axillary peduncle of the leaf. Theperiwinkle colorit is represented by the most characteristic flower: blue-violet. Theperiwinkle colorhowever, it is not the only one that characterizes the flowers, as well as the leaves, there are varieties with flowers of different colors.
The Rubra and Atropurpurea varieties bear purple flowers. Periwinkle Alba and Gertrude Jekill have white flowers.
The plant does not need special care to produce flowers and thrive. An intake of gradual release granular fertilizer could make the blooms more abundant. The fertilizer should be applied in spring.
Irrigation must be modest and must be concentrated exclusively in periods of drought.
Theperiwinklesthey usually manage to develop quickly, covering large clods of soil. As stated, thecareto dedicate toplantsthey are not high but attention must be paid to planting and development.
They can grow very fast to thicken the crop. To maintain a regular development and not make the plant a weed, the carpet can be sulphited every year, in spring. Like? It will be enough to eliminate the longer stems and thin out the plants that have grown in excess.
To start theperiwinkle cultivationit is necessary to carry out preliminary soil preparation. Just do a surface processing. If you want, you can incorporate pelleted fertilizer even if the plant does not have high requirements. Just be sure to loosen the sod to keep the soil softer and ensure good drainage.
Eliminate any weeds already existing on the ground, when the soil is clean and ready to accommodate the periwinkle plants to be planted, make holes 10 - 15 cm deep. The size of the hole should be chosen according to the size of the pot that houses the periwinkle to be planted.
How many plants do you need?
It depends on the amount of soil you intend to carpet with the flowers of this beautiful plant. In general, an optimal planting density sees the planting of 25 seedlings per square meter. In practice you will have to place each plant at a distance of about 25 cm from each other.
Plant the poles it is simple, at the end of planting wet the soil in correspondence with the individual plants. Within a couple of years, you will find yourself with a turf full of periwinkle leaves and flowers!
The periwinkle reproduces by cuttings, cutting from the mother plant a portion of about 8-12 cm of the apical part of the plant that you can bury inside a pot to be placed in a shaded area. The ideal soil, consisting of a mix of earth and sand, must be kept moist with constant watering but never too abundant to be directed to the lower area of the stem.
How to protect the Periwinkle from parasites
The periwinkle can be attacked in particular by the red spider and from cochineal. In our two dedicated articles you will find information on how to fight them.