If your dog suffers from excessive vomiting, it is of course advisable to consult your veterinarian. A thorough examination by such health personnel could in fact reveal that the gastric mucosa is inflamed, thus leading to the onset of further complications such as irritation, infection, ulcer and blockage of gastric function. When the condition is severe, the dog may continue to vomit daily without relief, thus becoming a chronic condition due to stomach inflammation. The veterinarian in this scenario may use an endoscopy, which is one of the tests performed during the diagnostic process.
On the sidelines of the investigations, it could also emerge that your dog is subject to more or less severe forms of gastritis, an acute or chronic syndrome that causes vomiting and gastrointestinal inflammation, and which can lead to gastrointestinal disorders that present a wide range of symptoms. Let's find out together.
Symptoms of gastritis in dogs
Most dogs suffer from gastritis he will "notice" his owner for the presence of recurrent vomiting, which may contain yellowish and foamy bile, especially if the stomach is empty.
Often, blood or food can also make their presence in the vomit, particularly if your dog has consumed inadequate food. It is also possible that your dog is breathing heavily after eating or drinking, and that he has little strength to move, accompanied by a loss of appetite. The dog may become dehydrated if the persistent vomiting lasts more than 24 hours.
It should also be borne in mind that gastritis can be classified as acute or chronic. Acute cases are often secondary to inflammation. Chronic gastritis can be seen with conditions such as allergy or parasitic infection.
Causes of gastritis in dogs
There are several possible reasons for the vomiting that your dog is sadly experiencing. For this reason, the vet will try to carry out several tests to rule out some causes and conditions such as:
- presence of foreign bodies,
- systemic infections,
Diagnosis of gastritis in dogs
There gastritis it must be diagnosed by exclusion. That is, the vet will try to eliminate other conditions that show the same clinical symptoms before the final diagnosis. The first step in determining the signs is to examine the medical history of your pet, because from the dog's medical history and the information provided, the veterinarian will be able to evaluate some specific factors such as:
- the current diet, i.e. how your dog is fed and how often,
- all food your pet has consumed in the past two days,
- exposure to drugs, pesticides or household cleaners,
- exposure to a new dog in the house,
- any serious illness,
- any past episodes of diarrhea and vomiting,
- any supplements and supplements taken in the last month.
With the medical history and knowing more about your pet, the veterinarian will carry out a physical examination. The vet will look for any evidence of abdominal pain, dehydration, gas, fever, bloating. Diagnostic tests will be done which may include:
- complete blood count to look for infections and dehydration
- urinalysis to detect urinary tract infections, diabetes or kidney disease
- abdominal x-ray to look for anything abnormal in the stomach such as intestinal obstruction,
- ultrasound or endoscopy to get a detailed view of the stomach.
How to treat gastritis in dogs
The first choice of the treatment for gastritis in dogs it is the restoration of the level of electrolytes in the blood and the rehydration of your pet. In this case fluids will be given intravenously: antibiotics will also be given if serious clinical signs of infection are observed.
Additionally, prescribed drugs (antiemetics) may be given to counteract vomiting. If your dog is suffering from a condition such as chronic colitis, the vet may also prescribe a motility agent to modify this condition.
The vet can withhold water and food during the first phase of treatment, after which they will gradually be reintroduced. In the meantime, ice chips will be used to start taking liquids orally. A light diet may be prescribed and administered to the dog in small quantities and frequently.
Most acute cases of gastritis usually make a good recovery after the dog has received adequate hydration. If there is no improvement within two days of treatment, your vet may want to reassess the situation. Chronic vomiting will cease with the elimination of the cause. Depending on your pet's condition at the time of evaluation, he or she may need to stay in the hospital until the vet assesses him as stable enough to go home. Specific instructions will be given on medications, if needed, and on reintroducing food.
Of course, in order to have more information on how to recognize the symptoms of gastritis in dogs and on the most useful way to be able to intervene in support of your pet, we can only advise you to contact your trusted veterinarian promptly.