The blisters on the tongue are a common annoyance, and there are many possible causes, such as injuries, allergies and infections. While blisters may cause concern, they are usually harmless.
But what are the causes? And how to treat them?
Causes of blisters on the tongue
Blisters on the tongue can be triggered by numerous determinants.
For example, they could be the fruit of one wound. People who accidentally bite their tongue sometimes notice a small lump for a few days after this trauma. Or, again, the bubbles can be the result of burns from hot liquids or hot food.
Then think of theherpes, a common viral infection, affecting approximately 60% of adults. Some people with oral herpes never experience symptoms. However, most people will develop sore blisters, even in the mouth. It should be noted that oral herpes is contagious, and can spread through saliva, direct contact with the infected area or contact with the lining of the mouth and tongue, even in the absence of symptoms.
Even the canker sores are among the most common causes of blisters on the tongue. These canker sores grow inside the lips, but they can also appear on the protagonist of our study, with a red, white or yellow appearance.
Additionally, food intolerances and allergic reactions can also cause blisters on the tongue, or cause it to swell. Sudden and immediate swelling of the entire tongue could be a sign of a dangerous reaction known as anaphylaxis.
Finally, they can represent causes of blisters on the tongue infections, too, especially if the blister is very painful and is accompanied by fever - in this case it is essential to see a doctor within 24 hours, as this could be a sign of a serious infection.
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Diagnosis of blisters on the tongue
The only cause of tongue strokes that constitutes a medical emergency is anaphylaxis, which we talked about a few lines ago. Therefore, people who have very swollen tongues or who have respiratory problems should seek immediate medical attention.
Otherwise, unless a blister on the tongue causes severe pain or the person is also feverish, it is usually best to wait a few days before seeing a doctor. If symptoms persist for more than a week, however, it is best to speak to a doctor.
Treatment of blisters on the tongue
In order to locate the cure of blisters on the tongue it is of course advisable to speak to your doctor. However, some natural treatments can be undertaken, such as drinking plenty of water.
More generally, the treatment will depend on the cause of the blister on the tongue, with antifungal drugs that will be prescribed for example if the blisters are the result of oral thrush. Most bacterial infections require antibiotics instead.
However, most conditions resolve on their own, while herpes is not curable, although antiviral drugs can help prevent further outbreaks.
Regardless of the cause of the blisters on the tongue, some home remedies can help, such as:
- avoid acidic and spicy foods until the bubbles disappear;
- drink a lot of water;
- gargle with warm salt water and use baking soda to rinse your mouth;
- apply topical remedies to reduce pain. Some products are available for purchase over the counter, such as medications for canker sores or oral numbing gels;
- avoid alcohol-based mouthwashes until the blisters disappear.
Finally, we underline how good oral health is able to reduce the risk of blisters on the tongue and other pathologies of the oral cavity. They are also useful in preventing the blisters from becoming infected or painful.
People should take care of their oral hygiene:
- brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing at least once a day;
- seeing the dentist twice a year;
- rinsing the mouth thoroughly after using steroid inhalers;
- avoiding foods that irritate the gums;
- limiting the use of sugary snacks and foods that can cause tooth decay;
- stopping smoking and avoiding using chewing tobacco or similar products;
- limiting alcohol;
- treating any underlying health problems, such as diabetes.
To find out more, we naturally invite you to talk to your referring doctor, sharing the symptoms of your discomfort with him and allowing him to identify the most effective remedy.