The tall trees they are tree species mainly intended for reforestation or industrial use. But what characteristics do they have? What are the best known types?
Let's try to find out more with our in-depth analysis on the subject, which we recommend you read through!
Tall trees: definition and characteristics
First of all, we specify that when we refer to tall trees we are not referring to a separate botanical category, but only to a set of species that manage to develop a height from the ground of more than 3 meters.
From the above it follows that it is not possible to ascribe tall trees to a specific category. One itself botanical species, on the other hand, it could reach and exceed 3 months in some soils and not in others, given that the development of the tree is influenced by conditions such as those of the soil, exposure to the sun, and so on.
Types of tall trees
Having anticipated the foregoing, we can nevertheless approach the world of tall trees with some in-depth analysis from a "botany manual".
We can therefore distinguish first of all tall trees of first size, that is, those that in maturity can grow to a height of over 25 meters, such as beech trees, and tall trees of second magnitude, which do not reach 25 meters but exceed at least 18 meters, like willows. Finally, there are the tall trees of third size, or those that can reach a height of between 8 and 18 meters, such as junipers.
As far as their characteristics are concerned, while referring to botanical species that are also very different from each other, usually tall trees can boast some common specificities, such as:
- height greater than 3 meters;
- particularly developed roots, which have the function of nourishing the plant, drawing water and mineral salts from the soil. Considering that the tree has to cope with greater stresses (related, for example, to having to resist the force of the wind), an "extra power" of the same is necessary.
Tall trees list
Even if, as we have repeatedly pointed out in the preceding lines, it is not possible to identify precisely which are the botanical species of tall trees, it is still possible to briefly write down a list of all the species that could guarantee tall trees. over 3 meters.
The main ones are:
- silver fir: tall tree of first size, it can exceed 30-35 meters. Evergreen, it is widespread above all in central and northern Italy, in high ground;
- white birch: tall tree widespread mainly in Northern Italy. Not of first magnitude, it can however easily exceed 10 or 15 meters;
- holm oak: it is an evergreen broad-leaved tree, widespread throughout the Mediterranean basin, which can even exceed 25 meters in height, and can therefore be classified as a tall tree of first size;
- Elm tree: tall tree of first size, easily detectable throughout the Mediterranean area, it can reach and exceed 30 meters in height.
- Oak tree: deciduous widespread throughout the old continent, it is one of the best-known symbols of tall trees, capable of exceeding heights of 40 meters.
- oak: semi-deciduous tree, has a truly enviable longevity (in good conditions it can exceed several hundred years). It is found mainly in central and northern Italy, and is able to reach a height of even more than 30 - 35 meters;
- white willow: widespread throughout the continent, it can reach and exceed 25 meters, qualifying as a tall trunk of the first size;
- lime tree: also the linden is a tall tree of first size, considering that it can exceed 40 meters in height. Originally from Europe, it is fairly long-lived, so much so that in good conditions it can easily exceed a century of life.
The list of tall trees is certainly not finished here. There are in fact numerous trees that fall into this macro-category, but which are not typical of the Mediterranean area, where they are only found upon import.
For example the black locust It is a tall tree native to North America, not evergreen, capable of reaching 25 meters. There sophora instead it is a tall tree, of first size, which was imported from Japan, and which has found particular success as an ornamental tree for the garden. The momiji, which is a tall tree of third size, considering that it hardly reaches 10 meters in height.