How varices are formed

How varices are formed

How varices are formed: varicose veins and varicose veins are a very common problem, especially in women. What to do to counter and prevent them.

Thereexpansionof the superficial venous system is a more common problem in women especially in the western continents: in Asia and Africa it is a rather rare condition.

On this page we will give you a lot of information aboutvaricesand on the so-calledvaricose veins, however, you must be the one to investigate the matter personally. Like? By contacting your doctor.


In medicine, the disease associated with the dilation of the superficial venous system is calledvaricose.

The small superficial veins that can be seen on the skin with the bluish and reddish colors, should not be considered a real disease, rather they represent an aesthetic problem.

Varices or varicose veins

The most frequent ailments related to the appearance of varices is varicose veins are the tendency to swelling and itching.

By definition, thevaricesthey are dilated, tortuous or rectilinear veins, which have lost their efficiency.

The leg veins carry the blood uphillup to the heart. To overcome the force of gravity, the venous system is equipped withvalveswhich prevent the transported blood from flowing back down. There is no shortage of "pumps" thatsqueezecontinuously the veins to allow blood to flow from the bottom up.

Therevariceit is a vein that has undergone an alteration that not only prevents it from functioning correctly but can formprotrusions of the veinsand formations ofvenous tangles.

Thevaricose veins or varicose veinsmore frequent are those that form near the great saphenous and its collateral branches, on the inner part of the thigh or on the calf. Varicose veins on the back of the calf (within the small saphenous) are rarer.

The small ones "venuzze ”red and bluish which occur mainly in the area of ​​the ankles, on the inner face of the thigh or in other areas of the leg, are calledintradermal varices.

How varices are formed

In the formation ofvaricose veins, family predisposition seems to play an important role. If there are already members in your family who suffer fromvaricose veins, you would do well to focus on good prevention.

Among the people who suffer fromvaricose veins, more than 50% report having relatives withvarices. The risk factors that increase the predisposition to the formation of varicose veins are:

  • Overweight
  • Advanced age
  • Professions that are practiced mainly while standing
  • An extremely sedentary life
  • Pregnancies

As stated, when the superficial veins are very small, they constitute only an aesthetic defect (imperfection) and not a pathology, however, it should be noted that the varicosecan lead to achronic venous insufficiency.

To prevent the formation of varicose veins (or varices), we invite you to read the articlehow to prevent varicose veins. You will find advice on what foods to prefer and what activities to do.

Chronic venous insufficiency and varices

Asevere varicosisit can lead to chronic venous insufficiency. The venous valves, when functioning well, ensure the transport of blood from the periphery to the heart.

You may not know it, but your cardiovascular system is made up of arteries (which start from the heart and carry oxygen to the tissues) and veins (without oxygen, which start from the periphery and thenovercome the force of gravity and return to the heart).

If the vein valves are damaged, the veins are under too much pressure and are overstretched. This causes a slowdown in the return of blood which, in turn, can determine a stagnation of blood at the level of the capillary network which hinders the removal of metabolic products and especially of the interstitial fluid of the tissues (this is why those who have problems with the circulatory system is easier to suffer from heaviness in the legs, swollen legs and feet, swelling in the feet is nothing more than the consequences of the non-reabsorption of liquids by the circulatory system).

If venous insufficiency is severe and chronic, together with the interstitial fluid, hemoglobin can also accumulate in the tissues: this is why elderly people tend to have a brownish discoloration of the skin of the ankles.

Varicose veins or varicose veins: what to do?

It is important to contact your doctor in order to evaluate various interventions. The doctor will ask you for information on the symptoms and will make a thorough examination, examining the possible presence of swelling or changes in skin color.

To investigate the presence of edema (fluid stagnation) and to perform a more precise diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe an ultrasound or sonography. Sonography allows you to check how fast the blood flows through the veins.

Not all varicose veins require treatment and this is also why medical advice is essential.

Video: Varicose Veins Help - Ask Doctor Jo (July 2021).