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Difference between wheat and wheat

Difference between wheat and wheat

There is one difference between wheat and wheat? Do you know what type of grain is used for bread or pasta? In this article we will do a detailed review and clarify the difference between wheat and wheat.

In common parlance we often hear aboutwheator wheat. The question immediately springs up, what is the difference between wheat and wheat?

Difference between wheat and wheat

Let's be clear from the start, there is no difference between wheat and wheat. Wheat and wheat aresynonyms.

Thegrain or wheatis a genus of plants belonging to the family ofgrasses. It is aboutcerealsof ancient cultivation. There are five main species ofwheat or wheat:

  • Triticum aestivum or Wheat
  • Triticum durum ordurum wheat
  • Triticum spelta orlarge spelled
  • Triticum monococcum or small spelled
  • Triticum dicoccum ormedium spelled

For Italian law, with the termwheatonly the grasses identified asdurum wheat and soft wheat. What does it mean? That if in a TV commercial you hear the word "wheat”The producer will be indicating soft wheat, durum wheat or a mixture of both.

If there is nodifference between wheat and wheat, there are very important differences betweendurum wheat and soft wheat.

Wheat

Durum wheat and soft wheat (wheat) are two botanical species widely used for human nutrition. The "wheat flours" are generally used for bread making or for the preparation of biscuits, sweets and mold products. Durum wheat, on the other hand, is mainly used in pasta making.

Difference between durum wheat and soft wheat

Thedurum wheatand theWheatthey are two different plant species from which different products are produced: dalWheat white flour is obtained from durum wheat semolina is obtained.

The differences between durum wheat and soft wheat are not only botanical. To be clear, what you find on the market with the wording "pasta" is prepared with durum wheat. Bread, on the other hand, is generally prepared with soft wheat flour.

Flour type 0, type 00, flour 1 or 2 (wholemeal flour) is prepared with theWheat. Flour marketed under the term "semolina”Is prepared fromdurum wheat.

Theresemolina, therefore, it is none other thanwhole wheat flourand by law it can also be called wheat flour.Betweendurum wheat flour most popular figure laKamut flour. Khorasan wheat (durum wheat used for the production of Kamut flour) is a variety of ancient wheat (durum wheat) which, due to its characteristics, is closest to soft wheat.

Flour

From soft wheat, finer and more refined flours are obtained. From thedurum wheatcoarser flours are obtainedgroats or granulated, have larger granules.

From a nutritional point of view, the main components of the flour are: starch and gluten. The flour also contains dextrin, sugars, gums, small quantities of fatty substances, minerals and vitamins.

The bread

Even if the bread that we find on the market is made mainly with white flour (obtained by grinding soft wheat), there is no lack of bread obtained from durum wheat.

  • Semolina bread
  • Altamura bread
  • Bread of Cutro
  • Castelvetrano bread

These products are obtained with the semolina obtained from the grinding ofdurum wheat.

The dry pasta

Italian legislation, with Law no. 580 of 1967, provides that the dry pasta it must be made exclusively with durum wheat semolina. Any addition, even if partial, of soft wheat constitutes a fraud.

Therefresh pastainstead, it can generally be produced withwheat flouror other flour mixes. For this reason it is advisable to read the ingredients carefully.

Tip: Make sure thepastathat you buy at the supermarket is prepared from wheat grown in Italy. If you buy a pasta from an Italian brand, it is not obvious that the flour used for the production of the pasta also comes from our country!

And the hay?

Of the grain (or wheat) nothing is thrown away. Now that you know there is no difference between wheat and wheatyou can go further with information.

Nothing is thrown away from the cultivation of wheat. The waste products of the wheat harvest are used to produce straw or generally hay. By hay we mean grass dried in the sun, collected and stored for the purpose of feeding certain animals.

Wheat beer

Wheat kernels can be used for fermentation to produce alcohol. Therewheat beerincludes a large family of beer produced starting fromfermentation of wheat(wheat) mixed with barley malt.


Video: Σκληρό σιτάρι, 2020durum wheat (September 2021).